Ultrasonic Transducers

 

 

Contact Transducers

A contact transducer is a single element transducer, usually generating a longitudinal wave, that is intended for direct contact with a test piece. All contact transducers are equipped with a WC5 wear face that offers superior wear resistance and probe life as well as providing an excellent acoustic impedance match to most metals.

Dual Element Transducers

A dual element transducer consists of two longitudinal wave crystal elements (one transmitter and one receiver) housed in the same case and isolated from one another by an acoustic barrier. The elements are angled slightly towards each other to bounce a signal off the backwall of a part in a V-shaped pattern. Dual element transducers typically offer more consistent readings on heavily corroded parts, and can also be used in high temperature environments.

Angle Beam Transducers

Angle beam transducers are single element transducers used with a wedge to introduce longitudinal or shear wave sound into a part at a selected angle. Angle beam transducers allow inspections in areas of a part that cannot be accessed by the ultrasonic path of a normal incidence contact transducer. A common use for angle beam transducers is in weld inspection, where a weld crown blocks access to the weld zone of interest for a standard contact transducer and where typical flaw alignment produces stronger reflections from an angled beam.

Delay Line Transducers

Delay line transducers are single element broadband contact transducers designed specifically to incorporate a short piece of plastic or epoxy material in front of the transducer element. Delay lines offer improved resolution of flaws very near to the surface of a part and allow thinner range and more accurate thickness measurements of materials. Delay lines can be contoured to match the surface geometry of a part and can also be used in high temperature applications.

Protected Face Transducers

Protected face transducers are single element longitudinal wave transducers with threaded case sleeves, which allow for a delay line, wear cap or membrane. This makes them extremely versatile and able to cover a very wide range of applications. Protected face transducers can also be used as a direct contact transducer on lower impedance materials such as rubber or plastic for an improved acoustic impedance match.

Immersion Transducers

Immersion transducers are single element longitudinal wave transducers, whose wear face is impedance matched to water. Immersion transducers have sealed cases allowing them to be completely submerged under water when used with a waterproof cable. By using water as both a couplant and delay line, immersion transducers are ideal for use in scanning applications where consistent coupling to the part is essential. As an additional option, immersion transducers can also be focused to increase the sound intensity in a specific area and decrease the spot size of the sound beam.

High Frequency Transducers

High frequency transducers are either delay line or focused immersion transducers and are available in frequencies from 20 MHz to 225 MHz. High frequency delay line transducers are capable of making thickness measurements on materials as thin as 0.0004 (0.010 mm) (dependent on material, transducer, surface condition, temperature and setup), while high frequency focused immersion transducers are ideal for high resolution imaging and flaw detection applications on thin, low attenuation materials such as silicon microchips.

 

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